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Hiking is one of the best ways to experience nature, and admire the quality it holds. Although hiking is a sport which beginners seem to find simple and easy, yet there are some tips to be kept in mind in order to enjoy the hike along with the scenery.
You may find the following lines useful if correctly applied.
On Flat ground
Walk like a Bedouin not like a city man, keep your feet parallel to one another rather than making a "V" shape, this will help you walk for longer periods without getting tired
Keep your head up high and keep your eyes looking forward, looking down to your foot prevents you from enjoying the surrounding scene. You may want to glimpse down on the trail every now and then according to the Terran.
Keep you back upright, bending you backbone forwards is likely to cause you back pain.
Go in straight line whenever possible, as curves make you tend to loose orientation.
Landmarks are a very good and important way to make you familiar with the trail, always acquaint your eyes with the surrounding landmarks so that next time you hike the same route you can feel at home.
The downhill
 Walking up steep mountain trails is strenuous, but it's the descents that really take a toll on your body, especially knees and ankles.
Here are a few ways to lessen the unpleasantness of a downhill section of trail:
When trekking downhill, your feet will tend to slip around inside your boots, increasing the possibility of blisters. Before you begin a long downhill hike, then, tighten up your bootlaces and put moleskin on any "hotspots" you may have on your feet.
Take a breather more often than usual. Treat any new hotspots on your feet as soon as you feel them.
Use a hiking stick or a lightweight, extendible trekking pole to support your descent. Use this "third leg" to lessen the impact on your legs by shifting weight to the stick with each step (hikers with a history of knee problems should consider use a pole or stick in each hand).
On steep descents, slow your pace to allow each step to fully land, and don't lock your leg on the down step. Instead, flex your knee to absorb the weight of the step, using your legs as shock absorbers.
On rocky trail, follow the route that gives you the shortest practical steps. Try to avoid lunging or jumping. It may take extra steps to reach the bottom of the mountain, but time saved now by hurrying will be lost in recuperation later.
Running down is considered one of the most dangerous thing to do, Because when you gain momentum it is very hard to slow down, and if you try to you are putting a very high risk of slipping or loosing traction.
Make it up these steep trails
Keep your cool like the champion marathoner in the early miles of a race. Others may blow by you on the trail, but just block out their hardy "hellos" and focus on consistent, steady movement.
Learn the "rest step." On particularly steep pitches, the rest step can keep you moving steadily, though it may seem like a turtle's pace at first. Here's how:

1. Start by putting all your weight on the downhill leg, which is kept straight. Lock your knee to transfer the weight from your straining muscles to your bones.
2. Pause momentarily on the downhill leg. This gives the uphill leg a momentary rest.
3. Step up, placing all of your weight on the other leg, which then becomes the downhill leg. Pause again, giving your other leg the same chance to rest.
4. Slightly increase or decrease the length of the "rest" or pause depending on how spunky you feel.

On an easy Uphill take wide and slow steps
Never Look back while moving forward ,if you need to take a look behind you make a complete stop then turn to look.
Offering a helping hand to others is done only after you are sure that you are standing on firm ground. Always secure your steps first.
Rest some time before you are totally out of breath.
Can I estimate how long it is till sunset?
For a close estimate of the time remaining until sunset, extend your arm toward the sun. Hold your fingers perpendicular to your arm. Each finger that fits between the sun and horizon represents about 15 minutes of daylight until sunset. For example, if three and a half hand widths measure the distance from the sun to the horizon, then approximately three and a half hours are left until sunset.
Preparing for the first multi-day hike
Planning that first long hike is not as easy as it might seem.
Think you can rack up 25 to 30 Km a day? Think again. Only the perfect combination of weather, terrain, physical conditions ~ and long days ~ bring those kind of Kilos a day.
Until you learn your own capabilities, take these simple steps:
Select a hike that's on the short side of what you believe your abilities to be. If you feel certain that you can hike 40 Km on a weekend trip, go for the 30-Km trip. Until you put a pack on your back and hike ten miles, you do not know how that extra weight will affect you.
Select a hike that's easy to moderate in difficulty rather than going for the strenuous trip your first time out. Once again, gaining and loosing elevation put remarkable stress on a body carrying 15 Kg or more on its back and hips.
Add one hour hiking time for each 300 meter gain or loss in elevation. This information can be found in any good hiking guide and from some maps. For example, a ten-Km hike that includes 900 meter in elevation gain and/or loss will take about eight hours ~ five hours for the distance plus three hours for the elevation gain.
Hiking solo
The short answer is, no... as long as you're not well prepared. In fact there are several advantages to going backpacking alone. Since you don't have to compromise with a hiking partner, you can go wherever and whenever you want. You will have added solitude, giving you valuable time to read and think. Without a hiking partner to talk to, you will be making less noise and are more likely to encounter wildlife. Lastly, there is the added boost of self-confidence that comes from being able to take care of yourself in the backcountry.
Solo hikes, however, are not for everyone, and certainly not for inexperienced backpackers. Follow these guidelines to help make your solo journey safe and enjoyable:
· For your first few solo jaunts, hike on trails that you've visited before and know are frequently used. You'll know what to expect and you'll be assured of having other hikers around if problems arise.
As on any hike, you should leave a detailed trip itinerary with someone at home, and stick to it once you're on the trail.
Let the local land managers know where you'll be hiking, when you expect to hike out, and where you're parking your car. Be sure to give them your auto license number, car model and year.
Don't travel into remote wilderness areas unless you have a map and compass and know how to navigate cross-country.
Remember that other people, not wildlife, pose the most significant threat to hikers. When you meet up with others at the trailhead or during the hike, be vague about your plans and don't tell them where you'll be camping that night.
Follow your intuition. If you get a bad feeling about other people camped at a site, push on to a new campsite.
Enjoy yourself. You're much safer walking remote backcountry trails than trekking down the sidewalk in a big city.
Improve the quality of the trail as you hike.
Keep a trash bag handy and pick up even the smallest bits of trash -- cigarette butts ,food wrappers, etc.
Move loose rocks to the side of the trail.
Report poor trail conditions to the land management agency or trail club that takes care of the path. The people responsible for maintaining the trail need to know about large downed trees, washed out bridges and other significant problems.
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